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Hematology

Hematology (from the Greek word ‘haima’, meaning blood) is the branch of internal medicine that deals with the physiology, pathology, etiology, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and prevention of blood-related disorders. Hematologists are trained to treat a wide variety of disease conditions ranging from anemia to blood cancer.

Some of the diseases treated by haematologists include:

  • Anemia due to hematinic deficiencies – iron deficiency anaemia, megaloblastic anemia.
  • Cancers of blood, lymphoid organs or bone marrow – leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), myelofibrosis.
  • Hemoglobinopathies – thalassemia, sickle cell anemia.
  • Essential thrombocythemia or excess production of platelets.
  • Polycythemia or excess production of red blood cells.
  • Bleeding disorders – hemophilia, von Willebrand disease.
  • Platelet disorders – immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), Glanzmann’s thrombasthenia, Bernard Soulier syndrome.
  • Clot formation within the body – deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, arterial thrombotic blocks, thrombophilia.
  • Anticoagulation or blood thinning medications.
  • Recurrent pregnancy loss due to antiphospholipid syndrome or deficiency of certain coagulation related proteins in the blood.
  • Blood transfusion.
  • Bone marrow stem cell transplantation.
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