Cardiac Arrhythmia, or an irregular heartbeat, is a serious but treatable condition . Arrhythmias occur when the electrical impulses, in the heart, which coordinate the heartbeats don’t function properly, causing the heart to beat too fast, too slow or irregularly.
Types of Arrhythmias
Paroxysmal Supra-Ventricular Tachycardia [PSVT], Atrial flutter, Atrial Fibrillation, Ventricular Tachycardia, Ventricular Fibrillation.
Causes of arrhythmias
From Hypertension, Ischemic heart disease, Valvular heart disease, Cardiomyopathies, Sinus node disease, Tumors, Pericarditis, COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), Thyroid Disease, Alcohol abuse, Vagal stimulation, Smoking, Modern day life styles etc.
In order to diagnose an arrhythmia, doctors order specific tests, depending on the type of the arrhythmia that is suspected. In addition to the blood tests, a doctor may order:
- Electrocardiogram / Echo-cardiogram.
- 24 hour electrocardiogram using a device called Holter monitor.
- Electrophysiology Studies (EP Diagnostic Studies) help to locate the origin of the rhythm disorder better and determine the best treatment.