The clinic goal is identification and treatment of disorders of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. Various conditions of the thyroid, parathyroid, parotid and submandibular glands both benign and malignant are treated by experienced surgeons. State-of-the-art surgical techniques and treatments that are individually tailored for optimal outcome are incorporated in the clinic. The value of a head and neck oncology specialist is most apparent when a thyroid tumor has spread to surrounding structures,
Head and neck surgeons are the ideal specialists to manage difficult surgical problems of the thyroid and parathyroid because tumors of these glands often involve adjacent structures such as the larynx, trachea, esophagus and lymph nodes. While many cases of routine thyroid and parathyroid surgery can be successfully performed by non-specialty surgeons, head and neck endocrine surgeons are highly qualified to perform revision and challenging operations.
There are two broad categories of thyroid disorders that are treated. Patients with benign conditions such as goitre (benign thyroid enlargement) and Graves’ disease are often managed medically by endocrinologists. For selected patients, particularly those with very large benign goitres, surgery is indicated. For malignant tumors, surgery usually is the treatment of choice. After appropriate workup, the goals of surgical treatment are discussed fully with the patient in the clinic.
The parathyroid glands are four small glands located behind the thyroid gland that regulate the level of calcium in the body. When one or more glands is overactive, surgery is often employed to remove one or more of the glands. Because the parathyroid glands are not always in predictable locations, considerable experience is helpful for parathyroid surgeons.
Our team also is expert in dealing with the potential impact of endocrine tumors on speech and swallowing. Furthermore, when tumors spread to the lymph nodes of the neck, the head and neck faculty are ideally suited to deal with this regional disease.
New patients receive an initial consultation by a head and neck surgeon. If medical therapy is appropriate, consultation with an endocrinologist is arranged. There is close coordination with other treatment specialists for patients with malignancies.
The team at the Apollo Hospital Head and Neck Endocrine Surgery are among the most experienced surgeons in their field. Our surgeons also work collaboratively with colleagues in radiology, nuclear medicine, endocrinology, speech therapy and laryngology to ensure a multidisciplinary and individualized approach to therapy.