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What is Osteoporosis ?

Osteoporosis is brittle bone disease and bones are easily broken.

What are the signs of Osteoporosis ?

Many times one does not know they have the disease until a fracture has occurred. Fractures occurring after low impact are often a sign of osteoporosis. Spinal column fractures are manifested as a loss of height or a hunch back.

Am I at risk for Osteoporosis ?

Following are the risk factors:

  • Dietary calcium and vitamin D deficiency
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Low body weight ( < 58 kgs)
  • Menopause
  • Family history of osteoporosis
  • Medications like steroids, ant seizure medications.
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Excess alcohol intake
  • Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

How should I be tested ?

The best test for osteoporosis is a DEXA bone density test . This is like an x ray and doesn’t involve any preparation.

Can I prevent Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis can be prevented by a diet with adequate calcium, vitamin D from sunlight exposure, regular exercise, avoiding cigarettes and excess alcohol.

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